Home - WFS02 - WFSBCR316A
Re-open a grave
|Unit Descriptor||This unit covers the ability to re-open graves in accordance with legislation and regulations, OHS procedures and hygiene and infection control procedures. It is applicable to cemetery and crematoria staff involved in burial works as part of their role and involves working under supervision as part of a team with some responsibility.|
|1 . Prepare to re-open a grave||
|2 . Re-open a grave||
|Key Competency||Examples of Application||Performance|
|How can information be collected, analysed and organised?||By communicating ideas and information with colleagues about legal issues, safety, equipment selection and use and implementation associated with a grave re-opening.||2|
|How are ideas and information communicated within this competency?||By gathering legal, safety, equipment and technique related information associated with re-opening a grave, selecting and collating this data in a suitable format.||2|
|How are activities planned and organised?||By organising activities associated with preparation for and re-opening of a grave, for colleagues.||2|
|How are problem solving skills applied?||By involving colleagues in the preparation for and implementation of a grave re-opening and by encouraging participation and contribution.||2|
|How are mathematical ideas and techniques used?||By reading plans, operating machinery and making measurements.||1|
|How is use of technology applied?||By independently resolving all routine issues with preparation, safety, legal requirements and excavation associated with re-opening a grave; accessing suitable support within or outside the cemetery to resolve non-routine problems.||2|
|How is team work used within this competency?||By using technology to keep records and to communicate internally and externally.||1|
Applicable legislation and regulations may be Federal, State specific or Local Government specific and may include:
Workplace/Occupational Health and Safety Act
Worker's compensation legislation and regulations
relevant cemetery acts/bylaws
general cemetery regulations
Local Government Acts
Public Health Act
Environment Protection Act
Worksafe Australia Certification and Standards.
A gravesite is a place:
of burial below ground that may or may not be lined.
Personal protective equipment may include:
steel cap boots
OHS procedures are to be in accordance with State/Territory legislation and regulations and may include:
workplace environment and safety
personal protective equipment
manual handling procedures
use of tools and equipment
materials handling procedures including for hazardous materials.
Workplace policies and procedures may include:
standard operating policies and procedures
standards and certification requirements
quality assurance procedures
emergency, fire and accident procedures.
Tools, equipment and machinery may include:
sledge hammer/timber mallet
timber of correct/recommended grade, size and type
ladder that complies with the requirements of Australian Standard AS 1892
explosive power tool
backhoe/front-end loader/skidsteer loader/excavator
Safety hazards may include:
loadings on top of ground eg. machinery, people, soil, structures
previously dug graves
trees and roots.
Protective restraints may include:
temporary fencing and reinforced covers.
Protective strategies may include:
temporary fencing and reinforced covers.
Soil conditions may include:
length of time soil exposed
breakdown of cohesive strength of soil
Shoring systems may include:
closed timbering for wet sand/refilled ground
solderset or box sets for firm, hard clay
shields where suitable for rock.
Critical Aspects of Evidence
Evidence of the following knowledge and skills is considered essential to demonstrate competency in this unit. This includes demonstration of the Key Competencies at the performance level identified at the end of this unit:
Appropriate selection and correct preparation and use of tools and equipment, including personal protective equipment, in accordance with OHS procedures and workplace policies and procedures.
Compliance with applicable legislation and regulations regarding re-opening graves.
Correct identification of gravesite using cemetery map/plan.
Correct identification of safety hazards, arrangement of the removal of monuments, masonry and headstones and placing of protective restraints.
Use of effective communication with other team members.
Correct assessment of shoring requirements and safe implementation of appropriate shoring method to prevent grave collapse.
Correct excavation of grave to required depth.
Underpinning Knowledge and Skills
The following knowledge, understanding and skills are essential to perform this unit to the required standard:
A basic working knowledge of:
shoring methods and techniques
hand tools and equipment
Appropriate licence/s to operate equipment or machinery.
Ability to assess risks.
Knowledge of relevant OHS regulations and procedures including working in confined spaces.
Verbal and non-verbal communication skills, including:
the ability to give and receive directions.
Literacy and numeracy skills, including:
ability to interpret and understand written documentation
ability to read plans and drawings.
Ability to relate to people from a range of social, cultural, religious and ethnic backgrounds and physical and mental abilities.
Ability to work in a team.
Knowledge of workplace policies and procedures.
Knowledge and understanding of relevant Federal, State/Territory and Local Government legislation and regulations.
Ability to recognise professional parameters.
Organisational skills, time management skills, punctuality.
Personal integrity, ethics and accountability.
Context of Assessment
For valid and reliable assessment of this unit, competency should be consistently demonstrated over a period of time and observed by the assessor and/or the technical expert working in partnership with the assessor. The technical expert may include an experienced person at the workplace.
Competency should be demonstrated in the workplace or a simulated workplace environment through a range of situations which may include interruptions and involvement in other related activities normally expected in the work environment.
Assessment should be undertaken in an environment that meets industry codes of practice and relevant industry regulations and legislation.
Interdependent Assessment of Unit
WFSPCS103A Carry out gravedigging and grounds maintenance OHS procedures
WFSBCR311A Prepare for gravedigging
WFSBCR312A Perform manual gravedigging OR WFSBCR313A Perform gravedigging using machinery
WFSBCR314A Backfill and make good graves
All units which relate to a job function can be considered as co-requisites to assist with an integrated approach to assessment.
For advice on integrated assessment of units within and across qualifications, refer to the Assessment Guidelines.
Observation of staff member performing a range of workplace tasks over sufficient time to demonstrate the handling of a range of contingencies. Tasks may include but are not limited to:
demonstrating appropriate planning and preparation for work
identifying safety hazards and placing of protective restraints
demonstrating assessment of shoring requirements to prevent grave collapse
excavating grave to required depth.
Written and/or oral questioning to assess knowledge and understanding of relevant procedures with regard to re-opening a grave. Questions will be asked in a manner appropriate to the language and literacy level of the staff member.
Participation in role plays in relation to re-opening a grave.
Completing workplace documentation relevant to workplace requirements.
All resources must be provided for the assessment. If workplace based, the resources should relate specifically to policies, procedures and range of tools and equipment. If an off the job or simulated work environment is used then resources should be applicable to the work environment.
Resources may include:
A real or simulated work environment.
Relevant documentation such as:
workplace policies and procedures
documentation as identified in the Range Statement.
Industry codes of practice and relevant legislation and regulations.
Access to a range of clients with a range of requirements (real or simulated).
Access to a range of tools and equipment.
A qualified workplace assessor and/or a technical expert working in partnership with the assessor.